Dermato-cosmetic dictionary

 Acne

condition of the skin due to excessive secretion of sebum – (hormonal effect) and characterized by the appearance of pimples, blackheads, whiteheads.

Allantoin

substance with calming, anti-irritant and cell proliferation stimulating properties.

Antifungal effect

effect of destruction or of growth inhibition of fungi.

Astringent effect

effect of contracting the tissues, reducing excessive body fluids.

Bio-active complex

combination of substances / natural extracts which help the progress of normal skin metabolism

Cleansing

process for removing make-up products and impurities from the skin, accumulated during the day, using appropriate products. It is a very important process, since without it, the skin cannot carry out its essential functions. The appropriate cleansing product should be chosen according to skin type.

Combination skin

skin with excess sebum in the T-zone (forehead, nose, chin), but fragile and thin in the cheeks area.

Disinfectant effect

the process by which microorganisms are destroyed.

Dry skin

skin that is fine, fragile, irritable. May be alipidic (lacking lipids) or dehydrated (lacking water).

Epidermis

the first layer of the skin, itself consisting of several layers, the most important cosmetically speaking being the stratum corneum, the characteristics of which dictate the appearance of the skin. It represents the part in which cosmetic creams can interfere giving a pleasing skin / complexion.

Free radical

unstable and highly reactive part of a molecule, which may get away from it and rapidly combine with another molecule. Free radicals are involved in a variety of toxic reactions to the body and play a significant role in the aging process.

Gommage / scrub

process of removing dead cells and excess sebum from the skin surface, of revealing new tissue and stimulating blood circulation, achieved using special creams with abrasive micro-particles.

Hydration

process by which the skin receives the necessary water intake, though the use of special creams.

Kaolin

absorbent clay powder

Mature skin

skin looking aged, impervious, with wrinkles and blemishes.

Metabolism

all biochemical energy transformations that occur in the tissues of the living organism.

Methionine

Sulfur amino acid present in cheese, gelatin, keratin, etc. indicated in acne and hair care preparations.

Normal skin

skin with a fine texture, matte, smooth, supple, clean, having a perfect balance in between the sebum secretion and the degree of hydration.

Oily skin

skin with excess sebum, with a greasy appearance, lacking flexibility and with dilated pores.

pH

parameter measuring acidity / basicity of a substance. The average of the skin pH is between 4.2 and 5.6.

Q10

Coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinone, CoQ10) is an essential component of the body cells’ normal biological and biochemical processes, due to the major role in transporting the energy cells require. CoQ10 is synthesized in the body as needed for the normal operation of the cell up to the age of 30 years. With the aging process the amount of Coenzyme Q10 decreases in the body, imposing its supplement from external sources.

Regenerative effect

fundamental property of self-reproduction of living matter with great importance in scarring.

Revitalizing effect

the effect of regulating the skin metabolism

Sebum

excretory product of sebaceous glands. On average 1-2 g / day, this secretion varies with age and is mediated by hormones and the nervous system. Distribution in the body of sebaceous glands is uneven, having a greater number of glands on the forehead, nose and chin. An excessive secretion of sebum leads to acne and seborrhea.

Sensitive skin

fragile, easily irritated skin, strongly influenced by climate change.

SIccative effect

the effect of reducing the sebum secretion.

Tegument

skin, epithelium.

Toning effect

stimulating effect on the biological functions of the skin and on blood circulation.

UV Filter

substance that blocks ultraviolet radiation and protects skin from the harmful effects thereof.